The format of this index is as follows: [a] modern name [in English and Welsh]; [b] modern county; [c] place-name on the map [where possible in English and Welsh]; [d] date of the record used [e] earliest record of the name [f] earliest record of the Welsh name [g] meaning of the name [h] Welsh meaning of the name (if different from [g]).
Abbreviations: County names: Che Cheshire; Clw Clwyd; Dyf Dyfed; Gwe Gwent; Gwy Gwynedd; Her Hereford; MGl Mid Glamorgan; Pow Powys; SGl South Glamorgan; Shr Shropshire; WGl West Glamorgan.
Languages: OE Old English; OFRENCH Old French; OSCAN Old Scandinavian.
Note on castles: the castles shown on this map are those believed to be in existence in 1267; some of them are early native Welsh castles which were often far less elaborate than the formidable stone castles which survive to this day.
Wherever possible the spellings of the place-names shown on this map are near-contemporary to 1267. If there is an earlier record of the name, it is also shown in this list. There are many places, however, which are known by other evidence to have existed in the 13th century, but for which no early written records survive. Similarly, some records only survive in the Latin form. In both these cases the place-name shown on the map is consistent with 13th and 14th century Welsh or English spellings in general.
Select your Place Name alphabetically: